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611 - Advanced Trial Practice (3 hours)
This course covers several subject areas not covered in depth in the basic trial practice course: voir dire, witness preparation, expert witness examination, and case planning. Students will perform exercises in each of these areas. They will try two cases during the semester. The last trial is an advanced civil case that serves as their final exam and requires the use of courtroom technology. Prerequisites: Evidence and Trial Practice.

219 - Appellate Advocacy (2 hours)
Experience in the preparation, research, and writing of an appellate brief and in oral argument before an appellate court. Participation in the intramural Stanley Moot Court competition is an option in the Fall. This course satisfies the Legal Analysis, Writing, and Research III Requirement.

548 - Appellate Advocacy Clinic (4 hours)
In this clinic, which lasts for both semesters of the 3L year, students work in pairs and represent real clients in various appellate courts. The supervising attorney is their professor. In addition to representing clients, students learn about advocacy skills and various aspects of appellate practice, using reading materials, some lecture, and class discussions. They help other pairs through brainstorming and judging practice oral arguments. Students also visit the Supreme Court of the United States to attend oral argument and meet with court personnel. Prerequisite: Appellate Advocacy

420 - Business Drafting LAWR (2 hours)
This course focuses on legal drafting in the business setting. Students will be required to draft and evaluate typical documents including corporate documents, loan and purchase contracts, partnership agreements, and employment agreements. This course will satisfy the LAWR III requirement. Does not satisfy the upper-level writing requirement.

676 - Carolina Externship (4 hours)
This course is currently available only in the summer. The director of the externship designates one or more cities in North and South Carolina, usually including Charlotte, NC, and offers the students externships in a designated practice area. The practice areas vary from summer to summer. Students meet weekly with the director to integrate and apply the doctrinal insights received elsewhere in the law school curriculum and in the subject matter of the field placements. The course fulfills the practical skills requirement.

563 - Child Advocacy Clinic (4 hours)
The Child Advocacy Clinic focuses on the representation of children in three settings: deciding the custody of children in high conflict cases, deciding the custody of children in civil domestic violence actions, and representing children of indigent parents in issues involving the public school system. Students study the various models for representing children - as lawyer advocate, as lawyer guardian ad litem, and as non-lawyer guardian ad litem – and analyze the ethical issues raised in the various settings. Students also study the procedural and substantive law involved in deciding the custody issue in both the family law and the domestic violence settings and in representing children in the educational setting. Students spend an average of 8 to 10 hours a week in their field work.

408 - Commercial Leasing (2 hours)
This course focuses on the negotiation and drafting of commercial real estate leases from the initial letter of intent stage to the final lease closing. Items studied and drafting exercises include: (1) letters of intent, (2) brokerage agreements, (3) commercial leases and lease provisions at various levels of the negotiation process, (4) subordination, nondisturbance and attornment agreements, (5) estoppel certificates, and (6) lease memoranda. The course covers various forms of commercial leases, including ground leases, retail leases, subleases, and license and occupancy agreements. This course also focuses upon professionalism and ethics in the negotiation and drafting process. In addition to learning applicable law, students receive regular evaluation of substantial drafting and negotiation assignments typical of those encountered in actual practice. The negotiation and drafting skills learned in this course apply to other areas of commercial practice. Prerequisite: Property 111.

601 - Community Law & Business Clinic I (4 hours)
The work of this clinic is primarily transactional. Students will assist clients at various stages in the business development process, with an emphasis on business, housing, and institutional support in economically disadvantaged segments of the community.

681 - Community Law and Business Clinic II (2 hours)
A continuation course to 601 Community Law and Business Clinic I.

425 - Contracts and Commercial Transactions LAWR (2 hours)
This “best practices” course introduces students to commercial law and to the structuring, negotiation, drafting, and review of common commercial agreements. These agreements include: (1) non-disclosure and confidentiality agreements, (2) employment agreements, (3) services agreements, (4) agreements for the sale of goods, and (5) lending and security agreements. In addition to exploring applicable law and theory, students analyze, draft, redline, and actively discuss actual commercial contracts. In so doing, students explore both the specific effects of various contractual provisions and the potential broader commercial implications of such provisions. If not taken to satisfy LAWR III, this course will also satisfy the Practical Skills requirement. This course is a writing course with no exam. Contracts I and II are prerequisites.

565 - Dispute Resolution (3 hours)
A study of traditional and alternative methods of resolving disputes; use of techniques such as arbitration and mediation will be studied. Negotiation theory and tactics will also be explored. Students who have taken Mediation in the past or who are currently enrolled in or who plan to take Mediation may not register for Dispute Resolution.

448 - Diversity and Discrimination (3 hours)*
From eugenics to sex stereotyping, this writing and skills seminar explores diversity and discrimination through film, media, case law, and law review articles. Topics of coverage include intra-racial use of racial slurs, implicit bias, sex discrimination, sexual harassment, appearance policies, discrimination in coeducation, sex stereotypes, stereotype threat, coping strategies, transgender issues, eugenics, genetic discrimination, accessibility issues, the impact of social media, and other hot topic issues. Students will learn the doctrine and then utilize what they know in a series of short writing exercises and skill simulations. For example, students will learn about the Americans with Disabilities Act and then apply what they know to conduct a mock accessibility audit to determine whether a person with a disability would have full and equal enjoyment of the facility. At the conclusion of the course, students will draft a paper exploring the overarching question of what equality means.
* This course may be offered for 2 hours during some years.

604 - Elder Law Clinic (4 hours)
In this clinic, operating since 1991, students work under the supervision of an experienced attorney. They handle legal problems for elderly clients, conduct interviews, draft pleadings and wills, and appear in court and in administrative proceedings. Students make community presentations on laws affecting older adults. A weekly classroom session includes topics such as estate planning for the small estate, Medicare/Medicaid, interviewing skills, and areas of law affecting older adults. A geriatrician, on the medical school faculty, teaches about the common medical issues of older clients, after which students are able to participate in a multidisciplinary clinic at the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

438 - Food Law and Policy: Practicum (1 hour)
See course description for 437 for the doctrinal content. 438 offers an optional 3rd hour, with a mix of online course modules, writing, and offsite field experience.

439 - Funeral and Cemetery Law (3 hours)
This course focuses on the laws regarding the status, treatment, and disposition of human remains. We are in the midst of a "death revolution" in the United States - cremation rates are rising fast and traditional funeral service providers are under stress. This course examines these trends and the role that the law is playing in shaping and responding to social norms and economic realities. Students will engage in significant legal research and writing in this course, "representing" a non-traditional funeral services provider and analyzing the provider's ability to operate under existing laws.

525 - Health Care Law and Policy (3 hours)*
This course introduces students to the structure, financing and regulation of the health care system and proposals for its reform. Legal topics include Medicare, medical staff disputes, health care antitrust, tax exemption, corporate organization, and insurance regulation.
* This course may be offered for 2 hours during some years.

674 - Immigration Law: Practicum (2 hours)*
The Practicum course can involve student field work in the office of an immigration attorney; this option is dependent on availability of supervising attorneys. In years where there is sufficient student interest, a two-hour Practicum simulation and skills course may be offered by an adjunct instructor. Students who may be interested in a Practicum Extension option should contact Professor Margaret Taylor
* This course may be offered for 1 hour during some years.

622 - Innocence and Justice Clinic (4 hours)*
In this interdisciplinary course, students will examine the legal, scientific, cultural and psychological causes of wrongful convictions. They will apply this knowledge to actual cases by reviewing and investigating claims of actual innocence by inmates and, where appropriate, pursuing legal avenues for exoneration and release from prison. Students will meet for two class hours per week and for one hour a week with instructor to examine and complete field work assignments.
* This course may be offered for 3 hours during some years.

684 - Innocence and Justice Clinic II (2 hours)
Students who have completed the Innocence & Justice I course are allowed to take this course in order continue working on the innocence cases on which they in the prior semester, and to continue the interdisciplinary study of the causes of and remedies for wrongful convictions. Students will meet for one class hour per week and for one hour a week with instructor to examine and complete field work assignments.

440 - Internship (1 hour)*
During the summer or during the school year, a student may receive 1 or 2 pass/fail credits for an internship in a law-related placement of the student’s choosing, subject to the approval of a faculty supervisor whom the student has enlisted. The student submits a statement of goals to the faculty supervisor and meets with the supervisor on the goals before the internship begins. During the internship, the student submits reflection papers and at the end of the internship, the student submits a concluding reflection paper or paper related to the subject matter of the placement and meets with the faculty member for a de-briefing. For a 1-hour summer internship the student submits a minimum of 4 2-page reflection papers, performs a minimum of 80 hours of field work, and submits a concluding paper of a minimum of 6-8 pages. For a 2-hour summer internship, the student submits a minimum of 8 2-page reflection papers, 160 hours of field work, and a concluding paper of a minimum of 10-15 pages. For a 1-hour internship during the school year, the student submits a minimum of 4 2-page reflection papers, performs a minimum of 60 hours of field work, and submits a concluding paper of a minimum of 6-8 pages. For a 2-hour internship during the school year, the student submits a minimum of 8 2-page reflection papers, 120 hours of field work, and a concluding paper of a minimum of 10-15 pages.
* This course may be offered for 2 hours during some years.

540 - Judicial Externship (3 hours)
A clinical study of law from the viewpoint of the bench offered only during the summer. The student works as a judicial extern for a state or federal judge. Students will observe trials, conferences and hearings and research law and procedure under the judge's direction. A student must have completed their first year of law school in order to participate. Due to scheduling concerns permission must be obtained from the professor before registering for this course.

340 - Judicial Externship (1 hour)*
A student may receive 1 or 2 pass/fail credits for a fall or spring semester judicial externship. The student works with a faculty supervisor of the student’s choice on the selection of a judge. The student submits a statement of goals to the faculty supervisor and meets with the supervisor on the goals before the externship begins. For a 1-hour externship the student submits a minimum of 4 2-page reflection papers to the faculty supervisor during the externship and works for the judge for a minimum of 60 hours. At the end of the externship, the student submits to the supervisor a sample of the student’s work for the judge. For a 2-hour externship, the same requirements for a statement of goals and post-externship work sample apply, with a minimum of 8 2-page reflection papers and 120 hours of work for the judge.
* This course may be offered for 2 hours during some years.

455 - Juvenile Law Externship (2 hours)*
This course, which will include both classroom and field components, offers an overview of juvenile delinquency proceedings. The class component will cover substantive and procedural aspects of juvenile delinquency proceedings along with relevant social science background. The field component will allow students to observe juvenile court judges and to represent juveniles in delinquency proceedings and related matters, under the supervision of practicing attorneys. Trial Practice Lab 610 is a pre-requisite or co-requisite for this course, unless the student obtains the permission of the instructor to waive this requirement. Consult the calendar notes in the registration materials for special scheduling requirements.
* This course may be offered for 3 hours during some years.

609 - Law Practice Management (2 hours)*
A study in the conception, development, and management of a contemporary law practice. Students will engage in various projects under simulated business conditions and client pressures.
* This course may be offered for 3 hours during some years.

427 - Legal Writing for Judicial Chambers LAWR (2 hours)
This course focuses on the various tasks associated with being a judicial clerk in federal or state court. Students will move between the roles of clerk and judge as they complete writing assignments pertinent to the work of trial court and appellate court clerks. Major graded components will include writing a bench memo; drafting jury instructions; drafting a trial court opinion; making a panel presentation and participating in a panel conference; and writing a majority appellate opinion. The course is a 2-hour seminar designed to satisfy LAWR III.

553 - Litigation Drafting LAWR (2 hours)*
Legal drafting in the litigation setting. Students will be required to draft and evaluate typical litigation documents. This course satisfies the Legal Analysis, Writing, and Research III Requirement. Students can take both Litigation Drafting and 570 Pre-trial Practice and Procedure.
* This course may be offered for 3 hours during some years.

603 - Litigation Externship Clinic (5 hours)
A vigorous concurrent program of academic instruction and skills training designed to more fully qualify the student to practice law. Every student participates in both a civil and criminal law placement with direct field supervision by practicing lawyers (with the exception of the US Attorney's Office). All students will have the opportunity to try cases in NC Criminal District Court. The classroom component teaches lawyering skills such as interviewing and counseling clients, discovery, negotiation and mediation, expert witness examination, conducting focus groups, and trying real cases. All practice is in accord with North Carolina's Student Practice Rule. Open only to second-semester 2Ls and 3Ls who have completed these prerequisites: Civil Procedure, Evidence, and Trial Practice (the latter may be taken concurrently if necessary). Professional Responsibility and Criminal Procedure are suggested but not required.

645 - Mediation (3 hours)*
Law schools classically prepare attorneys to represent clients by teaching the law, theory, procedures, and, skills necessary to prepare for and try cases in court. This approach is based upon the underlying assumption that our legal system works best when disputes are determined by an impartial judge or jury after a zealous presentation of the facts and law by the attorneys for all parties. Instead, this mediation practice class is based upon the assumptions that: 1) most parties know what is in their own best interest; 2) if given the opportunity and tools, most litigants are able to solve their own problems and 3) litigants are generally more satisfied when they are involved in determining the outcome of their cases instead of the results being dictated to them by a judge or jury. The course will focus on mediation as a method of dispute resolution from the perspective of attorneys representing clients at mediation as well as from the perspective of mediators facilitating mediated settlement conferences. Students will participate in simulated mediation sessions. This course is 50% lecture and 50% practical skills. Local attorneys assist me by observing students in simulations, guiding and advising students' in-class work and adding to students' practical knowledge from their own legal careers. This course follows the required curriculum of the 40-Hour training that NC attorneys receive in partial satisfaction of the requirements to become North Carolina Dispute Resolution Commission (NCDRC) Certified Mediators. The NCDRC has approved this course as commensurate to that which practicing attorneys receive. Passing students receive a certificate of completion which they may present to the NCDRC in their fifth year of law practice in satisfaction of Rule 8A of the Revised Rules for Superior Court Civil actions. Students who have taken Dispute Resolution in the past or who are enrolled in or who plan to take the Dispute Resolution course may not register for Mediation.
* This course may be offered for 2 hours during some years.

639 - Metropolitan Externship (13 hours)
Students enrolled in this course will receive 10 credits on a pass-fail basis and 3 credits of graded credit. They will participate in externships based in Washington, D.C. and will meet weekly with the Director to integrate and apply the doctrinal insights received elsewhere in the law school curriculum with the real problems, real cases, and real clients encountered in the externship. Open only to third-year students. Students enrolled in this course must complete all other graduation requirements, apart from the total credit hours requirement, before the starting date of the externship. Enrollment occurs through a specialized application process. This course fulfills the Practical Skills requirement.

410 - Microtrade Development Clinic (2 hours)
This is a professional development course that will meet over spring break. More than considering the application of ethical codes to particular situations, the course provides students with an opportunity to explore the question of what it means to be a member of the professional class and how this meaning is formed through training and practice. This course is co-taught with faculty from the schools of divinity and medicine and is cross listed for credit in each school. The course meets over spring break in Nicaragua, with seminars in Managua and field work, with service opportunities, in Boaca, Ciudad Sandino and other areas. Readings are drawn from all three disciplines. The course is a one-credit, graded offering that will involve a short seminar component before travel and several seminars while in Managua. Students will be responsible for travel costs, which can be estimated in the $1,000 to $1,200 range, depending on preferences and interest in staying beyond the class.

549 - Moot Court Competition (1 hour)
Seminar in advanced appellate advocacy involving research and drafting of briefs and presentation of oral arguments as a member of an interscholastic moot court team. Students may repeat this course for a maximum of two hours credit.

600 - Negotiation (2 hours)
Students will learn about and practice negotiation skills.

582 - Non-Profit Organization Law (2 hours)*
The goals of this Nonprofit experiential course are twofold: 1. to survey the substantive law governing nonprofit organizations from both state law sources (formation, governance, fiduciary duty of officers, directors and trustees, and related issues) and federal (mostly tax) law; 2. to demonstrate understanding of the business and legal issues facing the modern nonprofit entity by researching, analyzing and assessing a nonprofit entity of the student’s choice. The class will complete feasibility and planning for financial intermediary program in the local community.
* This course may be offered for 3 hours during some years.

463 - Patent Prosecution Seminar (2 hours)
The seminar focuses on practical application of patent law concepts in preparing and prosecuting patent applications. The course examines patent statutes and United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) rules governing patent prosecution as well as court decisions impacting and interpreting patents. In addition to in-class discussions, students will practice writing claims, draft a patent application, a response to an office action, perform a patentability search, and prepare letters to clients relating to patent practice questions.

350 - Practicum Extension (1 hour)*
A resident faculty member of a doctrinal course may make the Practicum Extension available in conjunction with the course. If so, a student may receive 1 or 2 hours of graded or ungraded credit for an externship related to the subject matter of the course. The faculty member and a practicing lawyer or other professional supervise the student in a practical experience “extending” the course. The faculty member may limit the number of students eligible for the Practicum Extension in a given semester. The extension may be available for a course taken currently or in a past semester. A student may enroll in the Practicum Extension more than once if the underlying subject areas for the different Practicum Extensions are substantially different. The Executive Associate Dean for Academic Affairs determines, after consultation with the affected faculty members, whether a student’s subsequent Practicum Extension would cover material and skills that are different enough from the first experience to warrant additional academic credit. Faculty will require approximately 30-35 hours of placement work for each hour of graded practicum credit. The faculty member will also require the student to complete exercises, apart from the fieldwork and the activities connected to the related doctrinal course, to promote reflection about the practice placement. Also, the faculty member will work with the field supervisor on specific learning objectives for the student and the range of activities that the student will complete. Both the field supervisor and the academic supervisor monitor the student’s work and collaborate on the appropriate grade.
* This course may be offered for 2 hours during some years.

570 - Pre-Trial Practice and Procedure (3 hours)
This course exposes students to the fundamentals of civil pre-trial litigation with an emphasis on equipping participants for the real world practice of law. By working through a hypothetical case, students learn about litigation strategy and case analysis while practicing foundational lawyering skills including drafting pleadings, motions, and discovery; interviewing clients and witnesses in formal and informal settings; conducting oral arguments; and engaging in a mediated settlement conference. The class has a heavy practical focus and includes regular written assignments and in-class exercises.

675 - Prosecution Externship (2 hours)
The course is a 2-credit placement in a prosecutor's office. The faculty member consults with the supervising attorneys in the office to establish customized learning objectives for each students, achieved through a variety of practice experiences. The number of hours that a student spends at work in the prosecutor's office will be consistent with the hours required for clinical courses. The student will also complete written exercises to promote reflection on the fieldwork. Prosecution Seminar is a prerequisite; permission of the instructor is required.

426 - Prosecution Seminar (2 hours)
This seminar, taught by a full-time faculty member in concert with practicing prosecutors, will explore the environment, objectives, and challenges of the American prosecutor's office. Reading and discussion topics will create a dialogue between theory and practice. Students will be evaluated on the basis of a series of practice-relevant simulations and drafting exercises. Enrollment is limited.

341 - Public Interest Externship (2 hours)
The course is a 2-credit placement in a public interest organization in Washington, D.C. Students will complete a significant research assignment from a public interest organization in Washington, D.C. under the supervision of the professor of the course. Students will travel to Washington to meet with the organization to receive the research assignment and again at the completion of the project to present the results to the organization. (If necessary, these meetings can be online.) Enrollment is limited. The Public Interest Lawyering Seminar is a co-requisite.

632 - Real Estate Transactions Seminar (2 hours)*
This course will survey the legal and business issues relating to the acquisition, development, leasing, and disposition of commercial real estate, with a focus on the issues arising in the development and ownership of large commercial developments such as shopping centers and office buildings. About half the semester will be spent on commercial real estate purchase agreements and the other half on a commercial lease. The course includes a skills component and students will participate in negotiating and drafting a real estate contract (purchase agreement or lease) for a hypothetical client. Property 111 is a prerequisite.
* This course may be offered for 3 hours during some years.

625 - Suing Government (2 hours)
This course deals with lawsuits against federal, state and local governments, with special emphasis on Section 1983 suits and immunity doctrines. Course readings will draw extensively on actual case files and documents. This course fulfills the Practical Skills requirement.

469 - Technology in the Modern Law Practice (2 hours)
This course provides students with the opportunity to be critical and effective implementers of cutting-edge technologies that are disrupting the legal services market. This experiential seminar provides students with the critical thinking and technological skills necessary to position them as leaders in the modern legal practice.

610 - Trial Practice Lab (3 hours)
A series of classes and simulations devoted to the study of trial techniques, followed by a final mock jury trial. Prerequisite: Evidence.

637 - Veterans Legal Clinic (4 hours)
The Veterans Legal Clinic provides legal assistance on a pro-bono basis to North Carolina military personnel, including active-duty service members, reservists, veterans, and non-affiliated veterans. Students having completed three semesters of law school may register for the class subject to instructor permission. Students in the VLC provide services comparable to those provided by attorneys in practice.

520 - Washington Judicial Externship (6 hours)
This experiential course is ideal for prospective law clerks or future litigators who wish to learn more about the perspective behind the bench. It explores the purpose and function of a law clerk, the nature and structure of the judiciary, how to apply for and obtain a clerkship, and most importantly, how to perform it well. Topics of discussion include judicial ethics, chambers confidentiality, docket management, courtroom decorum, professionalism, judicial drafting, and other issues that law clerks commonly encounter. Among other things, students draft an 11-Day memo, bench memo, and judicial opinion. The course also includes Lunch & Learn events with federal judges, field trips to the U.S. Supreme Court, FBI, etc., and visits from guest speakers, including a prosecutor, in-house counsel, DOJ attorney, and partners at prominent law firms.